In re Fulton

43 B.R. 273 (1984)

Quick Summary

Padgett Carroll (plaintiff) contested Walter Fulton’s (defendant) inclusion of a trailer as a personal asset in his Chapter 7 bankruptcy filing. The parties had jointly operated C & F Trucking, with Carroll funding the trailer purchase.

The issue centered on whether the trailer was Fulton’s personal asset or partnership property. The court held that it was partnership property and not part of Fulton’s personal bankruptcy estate, ordering an accounting for its distribution based on statutory priorities.

Facts of the Case

Padgett Carroll (plaintiff) and Walter Fulton (defendant), were partners in a trucking company known as C & F Trucking. In July 1982, Carroll financed the purchase of a trailer for the partnership, with the invoice and title indicating C & F Trucking as the owner.

However, when Fulton filed for Chapter 7 bankruptcy in December 1982, he listed the trailer as his personal asset, prompting Carroll to challenge this claim asserting his financial contribution and rightful ownership.

The dispute escalated when the Chapter 7 trustee intervened, claiming the trailer as part of Fulton’s bankruptcy estate. The crux of the matter thus revolved around the proper classification of the trailer—whether it was Carroll’s personal property due to his funding, Fulton’s asset as declared in his bankruptcy filing, or partnership property attributable to C & F Trucking.

Procedural Posture and History

  1. Walter Fulton filed for Chapter 7 bankruptcy in December 1982, listing the trailer as an asset.
  2. Padgett Carroll contested this listing, arguing that he was the rightful owner because he supplied the funds for its purchase.
  3. The Chapter 7 trustee intervened, asserting that the trailer was part of the bankruptcy estate.
  4. The United States Bankruptcy Court for the Middle District of Tennessee heard the case and made a determination on ownership and the estate’s interest in the trailer.

I.R.A.C. Format


Whether the trailer purchased for C & F Trucking was wrongfully scheduled as an asset in Walter Fulton’s personal bankruptcy filing and whether it should be considered partnership property or part of Fulton’s bankruptcy estate.

Rule of Law

Partnership property is determined by the intent of the partners at the time of acquisition, and upon dissolution of a partnership, assets must be distributed according to statutory priorities. A partner’s bankruptcy estate is entitled only to their interest in the partnership, not specific partnership property.

Reasoning and Analysis

The court emphasized that the intent of partners at the time property is acquired is pivotal in determining whether it is considered partnership property. In this instance, both Carroll and Fulton were operating a trucking business under a partnership arrangement, with Carroll providing capital and Fulton contributing labor.

The court referenced Tennessee law and prior case law to assert that when a partner files for bankruptcy, their estate receives only their interest in the partnership, not direct ownership of specific partnership assets. The court further concluded that since the trailer was purchased for use in the partnership and titled in its name, it constituted partnership property.

The trustee’s claim that it was solely owned by Fulton was dismissed due to lack of evidence supporting separate ownership. Consequently, upon Fulton’s filing for bankruptcy, which acted as a dissolution event for C & F Trucking, the trailer’s equity was to be distributed according to statutory priorities that govern partnership dissolution proceedings.


The court concluded that the trailer was partnership property of C & F Trucking and not an individual asset of Walter Fulton. Therefore, it was not included in Fulton’s personal bankruptcy estate. The court ordered an accounting to distribute equity in the trailer according to Tennessee Code Annotated § 61-1-139 (1980).

Key Takeaways

  1. The intent of partners at acquisition is critical in determining whether property is partnership or individual property.
  2. A partner’s bankruptcy filing does not directly transfer ownership of specific partnership assets to their estate; rather, it grants the estate their interest in the partnership.
  3. Upon dissolution, either through bankruptcy or other means, partnership assets are to be distributed according to specific statutory priorities.

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